The average utilisation performance of rural scheme was 84.90 per cent, which can be rated as barely satisfactory and in the urban areas the schemes/work wise allocation priorities were quite similar to rural area.
Quantitative inputs concluded that more than 20 patients per day are beneficiaries of SHCs. The preventive service was also gaining impetus and importance as reflective in rural people awareness. Consciousness of availing of healthcare services being provided for them exists. Similarly, findings also revealed an overall improvement in enrolment, drop out, migration and success rate of primary school children. But with 43 per cent vacancies for teachers, 89 per cent schools without peons, 66 per cent schools without adequate seating facility for children, primary education is unable to provide a strong foundation for the entire edifice of education system of our country.
In the context of rural areas, one tends to speak of rural development and the need to develop local self governing institutions which are yet to find their niche in the practices and processes of governance, despite various constitutional provisions. Even though the PRIs appear to be well placed for integration of sectoral, social and spatial priorities in rural areas, most of the states in India are far from developing self governing mechanisms, not to speak of extension thereof to integrated partnerships with civil society.
Rural areas studies generally focus on assessment of specific sectors and programmes, rather than on rural governance. Practically no work has been done even in respect of urban governance in the states north of Delhi. Keeping the existing scenario in mind the Institute for Development and Communication (IDC) took up a series of studies on governance starting with urban governance in medium and large towns in Punjab. The present study is second of the series and covers rural areas on the ‘edge’- three villages located at the peripheries of the states of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab.
Each CPRC is an autonomous registered society collectively managed by representatives of the community and police functionaries. It provides citizens dignified access to police-related services and a forum to implement community-oriented programmes. The CPRC is a system of policing in partnership with the community, managed through committees having representatives of the civil society, specialists, NGOs, police functionaries and the civil administration.
The main focus of evaluation is to investigate the issues relating to ownership of the CPRCs and how far these participator systems structured for planning and management promote transparency, accountability and ownership. It would also be worthwhile to examine representation of diversity reflected in planning and operational functions and nature and level of community response to services provided by CPRC.
The purpose of the evaluation study is the effective execution of the scheme, the funds allocated and distributed and the transparency and accountability in the implementation of the scheme.